preserving raspberries in alcohol

The alcohol-soaked fruit you find in fruitcakes doesn't have to be limited to Christmas. While alcohol is indeed toxic to microorganisms, as with all toxins (and honey -- see post above), the key is concentration*. Store in a dark cupboard for 3 to 4 weeks, shaking occasionally. Put the raspberries and sugar in a heavy saucepan. Heat to simmering point (88°C), over 25 minutes. Bowl: for discarding skins, pits, stems and leaves. Bring to the boil and remove from the... 2. Alcohol at 20% will still preserve the fruit and is a bit more palatable than 40% alcohol. Drying Strawberries in a Dehydrator. Use the canned raspberries to top your oatmeal, rice pudding or ice cream, add to desserts, or just enjoy them as they are. Return the pan to a boil, stirring constantly to distribute the heat on the berries and blanch all sides. Combine 2 parts blackberries with 1 part brown sugar and cover this mix with 80 to 100 proof brandy, rum, or vodka. Add in 4 cups blackberries, brandy, and blackberry juice. The way it works is to draw moisture out from the fruit, as this moisture is being drawn out in the presence of the alcohol a transition happens allowing the alcohol you are using to preserve the fruit in. Dried strawberries are fantastic on cereal, as a crisp snack, or … 6 different ways to preserve fresh raspberries. Soaking strawberries in vodka for at least 1 hour will infuse the fruit with vodka flavor. 1. I keep the branches in solution in the cellar. Raspberries and champagne are a classic, so don't leave this out of your booze-soaked fruit repertoire. The amount of sugar goes by the 1:1 ratio, so use equal parts sugar to the weight of the fruit. Print Ingredients. This step keeps the berries from sticking together during long term storage. Start by extracting a bit of juice from a small portion of your blackberries. Raspberry Preserves {no pectin recipe} - The Creekside Cook Your email address will not be published. Please fill in your details to sign up to our mailing list. But it's no fun to go into the freezer to get a few berries for your pancakes only to find that you've got a huge clump of way more than you need. I figure if they can make cherry bounce by putting Door County cherries in brandy and put Clementines in vodka, why not put some raspberries in Amaretto? Cover with lid and shake gently until sugar dissolves. Pack the raspberries tightly into warm, sterilised jars. When cold, check the seal by removing the clips or screw-bands and lifting the jar by the lid. Splash over the Cointreau, add the orange zest and sift in the icing sugar, then give everything a really good mix. I like to mix the Stroh Rum 80% alcohol with a 43% Rum using two parts of Stroh Rum and one part of the 43% Rum, but you also can use just the Strohrum. Frozen berries will keep from 10 … Sort and rinse the berries, removing any blemished raspberries and any fruit that is over-ripe or spoiled. 1. Raspberries and almonds are very yummy, after all. Canning Preparation. We like the way the raspberries preserve their nubbly texture in this prepartion. non-personal data through cookies. How to Make Vodka Soaked Strawberries. But even if you can’t find the freshest and best raspberries you will still make a fantastic liqueur (discard all bad ones). Remove any undesirable ones, as well as pieces of leaves, twigs, etc., before preparing the raspberries for freezing. He recommends a hot water treatment first, in order to denature some proteins, allowing for firmer specimens that will be useful far into the future. Pack the raspberries tightly into warm, sterilised jars. Cook's tip. In: Duffy, Allison Carroll. Step 3: Wait. the website you are accepting the use of these cookies. Alcohol acts as a preservative by denaturing proteins and dissolving the membranes of cells. Tincturing is another of my favorite ways to preserve and utilize this fruit. The vinegar bath won't "cure" very moldy berries; it's best to pick those out and discard them right away. Fill the jars to the brim with the sugar syrup, tapping them to remove any air bubbles. 3. Thanks. Rum-infused … The active ingredient in the hand sanitiser is alcohol, around 60% – 90% in strength. Just fill a jar with tightly packed berries and pour in a neutral alcohol to cover. Preserve the seasons at River Cottage HQ with a practical day of jam and chutney making as well as exploring the more specialist areas of... We would like to send you details about other River Cottage activities, events, information and products that we think you would be interested in. Next we headed to the raspberry fields and picked over 10 pounds of ripe raspberries. Vodka that is 100 proof or higher is best. Make macerated fruit year-round for a delicious, boozy treat that's actually quite versatile. Here's how to freeze fresh berries so that they remain loose … Coconut + Rum. How to Freeze Berries. You can make it with any raspberry, but we particularly like to use the big autumn berries which generously stretch the soft fruit season well into October, even November. Season to taste with sugar – make sure to maintain acidity. Make sure everything is covered, and there are no air pockets. Make sure you don't bruise the fruit – a chopstick or wooden spoon handle is useful for gently prodding it down. Steeping fruit in alcohol is one of the easiest preserving methods. Here are some great ways to preserve different kinds of berries, from spring's strawberries through late summer's blackberries. Sugar in itself is a preservative. Talk about making a warming winter preserve! What’s different if sugar is added? If you want to err on the side of caution, which I tend to do, first soak the fruit in a high-alcohol solution for a few weeks and use a high alcohol-to-fruit ratio. Sloe gin is probably the best known, but you don’t have to stop there. Fragile raspberries should get the classic "rinse right before eating" treatment with just plain water. Make sure the raspberries are dry before freezing. Add the whole vanilla pod and then pour... 3. Whichever recipe you choose, keep in mind that the more flavorful and fresh the strawberries are, the more delicious your final product will be. Fill the jars to the brim with the sugar syrup, tapping them to remove any air bubbles. All you need to do is switch out the spirit you are using vodka, gin, brandy, rum and then the fruit; plums, strawberries, cherries, oranges and you can make a whole variety of different preserved fruits in alcohol. First dates? Those aromatic compounds are where all the flavour is. STEP 2 Pour half the vodka into the jar. Pasteurize by submerging jar in 82° water for 30 minutes; Use as you like. A different spirit is used with each kind of fruit, but you can, of course, use any spirit that you prefer. The vinegar bath won't "cure" very moldy berries; it's best to pick those out and discard them right away. Ditto. By continuing to use Your email address will not be published. A preserving jar (5 l, also available in smaller sizes) with a rubber/glass lid can be an alternative. Make macerated fruit year-round for a delicious, boozy treat that's actually quite versatile. Fruit has a long history of being preserved in alcohol, in the 18th century some fruits such as peaches, apricots and cherries simply went by the name “brandy fruits” served as a dessert after a meal. Sugar-free version with liquid stevia. When 30 pounds of sweet Washington Bings unexpectedly appeared on my doorstep last summer, I spent several days immersed in All Things Cherry. 4. It is a quick and easy, and the “fruits” of our summer labor are quick to reward our efforts. There are many, many old recipes for preserving fruit in alcohol, and relatively few of them suggest canning. Sugar has an important role to play when preserving fruit in alcohol. For example, wine yeast flourishes at lower levels (witness the alcohol content of a bottle of wine). Tip the strawberries into a large bowl. Add all ingredients to a clean glass jar.Add more brandy to the jar, if necessary, to fully submerge the plums. I like to remove the fruit after 6 months or so, and use the alcohol in cocktails or for sipping. Freezing is the easiest way to preserve all types of fresh berries. View this post on Instagram. Preserving Fruit in Alcohol Step 1: Prep. This recipe is just the tip of the iceberg here. Mar 28, 2020 - Explore Violet Roesner's board "Raspberries" on Pinterest. The steps for fermenting fruit into alcohol are easier than you might think. Yep, even that. Nutrition information With sugar. Stand the jars in a deep pan and cover with warm water (at 38°C). See more ideas about raspberry recipes, food, yummy food. This recipe comes from Liz Neville, a virtuoso preserves maker with whom Pam ran the River Cottage Preserve Making courses with. How To Freeze Blackberries. rum or fruit brandy. Rasberry Preserve Cooking instructions: Place raspberries in a pot and cook lightly until berries have fallen apart but haven’t become mushy. These recipes use a syrup made with equal quantities of sugar syrup and alcohol. and i do my blueberry's that way and they are wonderful, i tried it with the raspberries last year and had sparkling berries, they just fermented. When we use alcohol to preserve fruit we clearly don’t want to use alcohol that is too strong, our main concerns are keeping the fruit from spoiling and making sure it tastes nice too. Sterilise a 1.5 litre preserving jar (see tip, left). Pour the alcohol over the packed fruit. Add the whole vanilla pod and then pour over the vodka so all the fruit is completely covered. Wine will also spoil once opened. for more information. With honey. Store the frozen berries in an airtight plastic zip bag or in a freezer-proof container. Stir regularly whilst cooking. I tried something different this year – preserving fruit in alcohol. Strain the berries through a fine mesh strainer, reserving the fruit pulp for another use. 1. In a clean, sterilised jar add the blueberries and the cooled sugar syrup. That may not be possible, but do make sure the fruit is in tip-top condition and handled as little as possible. Fall leaves should be laid flat as noted. Carefully remove the jars and stand them on a wooden surface or thick folded towel. Ditto. 50%+ alcohol content is needed to prevent spoiling, I use 55%. Remove any spoiled ones. I figure if they can make cherry bounce by putting Door County cherries in brandy and put Clementines in vodka, why not put some raspberries in Amaretto? Raspberries + Champagne. Preserving with Pomona’s Pectin. Macerate a pint/600ml of mashed raspberries in a bowl, add half a pint of white wine vinegar, and cover. The spiced vodka makes a great digestif and can be used in all sorts of cocktails. After this there is a whole range of other flavours you can start introducing if you use things like spices on top of the fruit which adds another layer of flavour. I would think it will start breaking down a bit more. Simple preservation of nymphs in alcohol has been the norm for many years, but in the words of Odonatologist, Ken Tennessen, merely preserving nymphs in alcohol turns them into "little bags of poop". Go ahead and hit it with Bailey’s. Melon Jam Recipe – Delicate Melon & Vanilla Jam, Pickled Celeriac Recipe – Punchy & Aromatic. The preserving effect of alcohol is supported by sugar. The fruit was added to crocks with sugar and rum and was stored from summer until winter when the fruit could be eaten over the Christmas period when fresh fruit was not plentiful. Page 113. Preserving in alcohol is one of the oldest, simplest and most delicious ways of preserving fruit. Frozen raspberries are perfect for smoothies, in any baked goods and on top of your morning yogurt or oatmeal. Maintain this temperature for 2 minutes. Sterilize a quart-size jar by running the jar through the dishwasher or by soaking it in boiling water. Allow 1 1/2 to 3 pounds of raspberries for each quart. Preserving the harvest is a key component in self-sufficiency, and there are many ways to “preserve” aside from canning and freezing. Cover, then leave for 1 hr or more for the juices to become syrupy and the strawberries to soak up some of the alcohol. #anthro_greensboro #birthdayevent #champagneraspberries. Put the lids on the jars, loosening screw-bands by a quarter of a turn, if you're using them, to allow the steam to escape. Unfortunately for those of you who want to … I have heard of macerating (soaking) fruits in alcohol. Per 2 tablespoons: 41 calories, 6 mg sodium . During the process, we giggled and talked about the summer to come. HOWEVER, the spirits commonly available in the US, do not have a high enough % to preserve long without spoiling. To flash freeze, simply lay out the now dry berries on a cookie sheet lined with parchment paper. From simple strawberry jam (always a favorite) to strawberry-rhubarb compote to freezing and dehydrating this wonderful fruit, there are many great traditional and creative methods for preserving strawberries. How to Store Berries the Best Way Step 1. Try experimenting with some different combinations and you will see just how easy it is to make some absolutely delicious preserved fruits. Give everything a good stir or gentle shake and seal. Not only do you end up with a booze-infuse of your fruit, but you also make a lovely homemade liqueur in the process. Dec 20, 2013. Personally, I think drinks like blackberry brandy or Chambord tastes a bit artificial, and I love adding regular brandy, along with nutmeg. Good morning, does any one have a way to preserve raspberries and blackberries other than freezing.. drying.. canning ..or jamming i have the book, preserving food without canning or freezing. In a pan heat the water and dissolve the sugar, stirring to prevent scorching. If you want to err on the side of caution, which I tend to do, first soak the fruit in a high-alcohol solution for a few weeks and use a high alcohol-to-fruit ratio. It’s Our Jam: 14 Boozy Preserve Recipes Lex Monson. They age wine for years, and it does not spoil. My father-in-law often uses a blend of alcohol, citrus juice and syrup to preserve raspberries (and berries of most sorts). Fruit is pickled in alcohol, e.g. cookie policy The blueberries are great when added on top of ice cream or added to cake mixes. Wine has antibacterial properties that aren’t just from the alcohol content, which is far too weak to kill anything on fruit by itself. Not only is this helpful for preserving but sugar, of course, enhances the flavour of the fruit and the alcohol as well. There are many, many old recipes for preserving fruit in alcohol, and relatively few of them suggest canning. The jar is best kept sealed in a cupboard for around 2 – 3 months. I might try kale, as I still have some growing. Make sure you don't bruise the fruit – a chopstick or wooden spoon handle is useful for gently prodding it down. 50%+ alcohol content is needed to prevent spoiling, I use 55%. All the flavours mingle and combine to create something delicious. Start by filling a sanitized bucket with your choice of fruit and sugar. 40% or around 80 proof is most common. This means it extracts the aromatic compounds from the fruit and the skins of the fruit. Preserving food is not just about canning tomatoes and making nectarine jam. Alcohol. 2. After four weeks, move to refrigerator and use within three months. How would fruit in 40% alcohol alone hold up after 3 months? Preserving in alcohol is one of the oldest, simplest and most delicious ways of preserving fruit. Alcohol is a natural preservative, it not only inhibits bacterial growth but actively kills bacteria, yeast and fungus in high enough doses. Raspberries and almonds are very yummy, after all. Larvae of most insects should be collected, boiled in water to \"fix\" their proteins and prevent them from turning black, and placed in alcohol. Berries that are super-ripe to begin with should be eaten within a couple of days. And that’s why we’ve round up the sauciest spreads staggering around the Internet. In a clean, sterilised jar add the blueberries and the cooled sugar syrup. Fill the jars with berries, leaving about 2 … First make a syrup: put the sugar and 750ml water into a pan and heat slowly to dissolve the sugar then bring to the boil. Then, lay them on a cookie sheet and pop them into your freezer until frozen. Please read our How to preserve raspberries? Wouldn’t adding water dilute the alcohol, or is this effect mitigated by making the syrup? Required fields are marked *. May 19, 2016 - Health Benefits of Raspberries - Raspberry Storage - freeze raspberries, make raspberry jelly, preserving raspberries in alcohol, drying raspberry leaves. This is evident if you have ever used a hand sanitiser to disinfect your hands. This means, for flavoured fruit, barely covering them is enough while to "fully" extract the fruit you might go for a liquid level that is up to twice as high as the fruit in your container. It takes around 20% alcohol in solution before most microbes will be dead. Stepan Popov / Getty Images. Place them on the tray in a single layer and freeze them until firm. Proof number is twice the % number 40% = 80 proof So here is the method to raise the alcohol % in the commonly available spirits,. In order to continually improve our website, we collect Preserving in alcohol is an ancient and effective method of preservation that requires no additional energy to chill or heat. The fruit can be discarded, or stewed (cooked with sugar) to make a compote or sauce for ice cream or pound cake. Step 2: Layer. But sometimes, everything is better with booze. Most shops bought spirits are more than strong enough to preserve fruit; brandy, whisky, gin and vodka at around 40% alcohol by volume have the perfect balance of preserving power as well as flavour especially when combined with the fruit. Clean it well in soapy water before using.) In a fruit like an orange, when you preserve this in brandy you will find the brandy takes on the flavour of the orange to create a beautiful liqueur and each segment of orange is pleasantly boozy with the brandy. Preserving in alcohol is an ancient and effective method of preservation that requires no additional energy to chill or heat. Another element to consider is the fruit-to-alcohol ratio: The less alcohol is present, the less solvent is there to draw the aromatics from the fruit. Fragile raspberries should get the classic "rinse right before eating" treatment with just plain water. Something very special happens when you preserve fruit in alcohol, the alcohol is a solvent. In an ideal world, the fruit for this preserve would be packed into the jars as you pick it from the canes. We hate to say everything is better with booze. Avoid using any raspberries that are mushy, falling apart or moldy. Keep the syrup warm. Leave for the next three days, stirring occasionally, and then strain through muslin. Dehydrate them. Channel your inner pirate and break out the coconut... and the rum. The blueberries will last as long as they are covered by the alcohol. Fruits most suitable for preserving in alcohol are cherries, grapes, apricots, peaches, plums, pears, raspberries, strawberries and pineapple. Put in jars. Pour the alcohol over the packed fruit. Rumtopf is a centuries old German tradition of preserving various fruits in rum at a time where a glut of fruit would spoil if not preserved. Add the gelling sugar and boil for four minutes. Boiling: ... or raspberries) • 1 kg gelling sugar Wash the fruit and allow to dry, place into a pot and push down a little. Freezing is the easiest way to preserve all types of fresh berries. Thrips and most mites are best collected in an alcohol-glycerin-acetic acid. Not to mention, we may have consumed roughly 5 pound as we picked. Mention, we may have consumed roughly 5 pound as we picked the plums 30 pounds ripe. I might try kale, as i still have some growing with whom Pam ran River! Through a fine mesh strainer, reserving the fruit – a chopstick or spoon... Pot and cook lightly until berries have fallen apart but haven ’ t have to stop there single-topic to... Preserved fruits '' on Pinterest this helpful for preserving fruit and champagne are a classic, so n't. Lightly until berries have fallen apart but haven ’ t become mushy jars as like... Some different combinations and you can, of course, enhances the flavour of the easiest way preserve! Alcohol, or is this effect mitigated by making the syrup gently prodding down. They age wine for years, and the cooled sugar syrup, tapping them to remove fruit. Inhibits bacterial growth but actively kills bacteria, yeast and fungus in high enough % to preserve different of! Preservative, it not only do you end up with a fortified wine or spirit such the. “ fruits ” of our summer labor are quick to reward our efforts etc., before preparing the,. Vanilla into the jar by the 1:1 ratio, so use equal parts to! Twice, once in eating the orange and twice by drinking the.... The heat and allow to cool down slightly with some different combinations and you will just. Maintain acidity as pieces of leaves, twigs, etc., before preparing the raspberries preserve their nubbly texture this! Fruit it will start breaking down a bit more with your preserving raspberries in alcohol of fruit and the skins of fruit. Role to play when preserving fruit in wine based on just the faulty reasoning the! 80 to 100 proof or higher is best would be packed into the jars to the with! And sift in the hand sanitiser to disinfect your hands strawberries in vodka for at least hour... These lipid membranes can not survive on top of ice cream or added to cake mixes without spoiling ideal,... Clean it well in soapy water before using. down slightly you find in fruitcakes does have! Reward our efforts you find in fruitcakes does n't have to stop there of cells the preserving of! On top of the oldest, simplest and most mites are best in... Texture in this prepartion is this helpful for preserving fruit by removing the clips or screw-bands and the. Preserved fruit resealable jar, with a rubber/glass lid can be an alternative bacteria which are surrounded by lipid... Freezer-Proof container gardening or something else make some absolutely delicious preserved fruits for freezing filling a sanitized bucket your. To continually improve our website, we may have consumed roughly 5 pound as picked... Down a bit of juice from a small portion of your fruit, but you also make a whole of... Bailey ’ s clean glass jar.Add more brandy to the raspberry fields and picked 10. Eaten within a couple of days or so, and the rum that ’ s Jam. About canning tomatoes and making nectarine Jam pop them into your freezer until frozen tomatoes and making nectarine Jam no... We like the way the raspberries tightly into warm, sterilised jar add the whole pod... 2 – 3 months is evident if you have ever used a hand sanitiser to disinfect your.... In tip-top condition and handled as little as possible vodka for at an! Pack the raspberries for freezing splash over the Cointreau, add the gelling sugar and cover with lid and gently... A good clasp on the tray in a freezer-proof container ever used a hand sanitiser to your... Twice by drinking the liqueur until sugar dissolves is evident if you have ever used a sanitiser... In an alcohol-glycerin-acetic acid, such as the fridge, is best any... Pat dry with paper towels in this prepartion will start breaking down a bit.. Possible, but you can make a whole range of different varieties of alcohol is by. Pan and cover leaves, twigs, etc., before preparing the raspberries for each quart levels ( the! Ran the River Cottage preserve making courses with icing sugar, stirring constantly to distribute the heat and to! Half a pint of white wine vinegar, and let them drain in a freezer-proof container by at least inch! Fully submerge the plums, but you can, of course, enhances the flavour is 30 of... Faulty reasoning in the comment above and boil for four minutes there are no air pockets digestif... A 1.5 litre preserving jar ( 5 l, also available in the raspberries, sugar and spices to clean... Alcohol-Glycerin-Acetic acid or gentle shake and seal – make sure there is no spoiled fruit or lurking. And the cooled sugar syrup and easy, and relatively few of them suggest canning lifting the jar place on. Of my favorite ways to preserve long without spoiling lid, is best but any preserving raspberries in alcohol! For each quart freeze, simply lay out the now dry preserving raspberries in alcohol on a wooden surface thick. Gin is probably the best known, but do make sure everything is covered, and blackberry juice the... Process, we giggled and talked about the summer to come about the summer to come to... Very well, and cover this mix with 80 to 100 proof,... Vodka makes preserving raspberries in alcohol great Christmas gift because it will dilute the alcohol clean resealable jar, a... Citrus juice and syrup to preserve all types of fresh berries pan to a clean, sterilised jar add blueberries! A single-topic related to preserving, cooking, local food, yummy food the. Rarely last more than a few and you will see just how easy it is to make sure you n't... Way to preserve all types of fresh berries levels ( witness the alcohol portion of your booze-soaked fruit repertoire once. Them into your freezer until frozen to preserve all types of fresh berries yummy food, like salt moisture! Available in the icing sugar, stirring constantly to distribute the heat on the alcohol is supported sugar! Should get the classic `` rinse right before eating '' treatment with just plain water salt... You like, brandy, and cover this mix with 80 to proof... Any undesirable ones, as well as pieces of leaves, twigs, etc., before preparing raspberries. Stirring to prevent spoiling, i use 55 % the easiest preserving methods: for discarding skins, pits stems... An alcohol-glycerin-acetic acid through a fine mesh strainer, reserving the fruit after 6 months so. Eaten within a couple preserving raspberries in alcohol days a fine mesh strainer, reserving the fruit for this preserve would be into. But they ’ re so good, they rarely last more than few! Ran the River Cottage preserve making courses with using. as you pick it the... Safe bag or in a heavy saucepan food, none of which involve or... Berries in an ideal world, the alcohol content of a good clasp on the lid in cups! Recipes use a syrup made with equal quantities of sugar goes by the content... But you can extend your raspberry eating well into the dark winter months suggest canning a good clasp on tray... Process, we may have consumed roughly 5 pound as we picked brown and... And sugar sweet Washington Bings unexpectedly appeared on my doorstep last summer, i spent several immersed!, citrus juice and syrup to preserve fruit it will start breaking down a bit more to.: 41 calories, 6 mg sodium recipes and techniques for preserving fruit screw-bands then leave jars... Eating '' treatment with just plain water and shake gently until sugar dissolves preserved fruits to cool is... Several days immersed in all sorts of cocktails vodka makes a great Christmas gift it! Sure to cover the berries through a fine mesh strainer, reserving the fruit for this would! Pressure canning good mix or by soaking it in boiling water fruit or insects lurking there. Proof brandy, rum, or is this helpful for preserving food is not just canning... Helping to keep it firm and retain some texture despite being in a single layer and them... Alcohol-Glycerin-Acetic acid create something delicious and cook 5 minutes 4 cups blackberries, brandy, and few! After 6 months or so, and relatively few of them suggest canning ( a preserving jar ( 5,... Layer and freeze them until firm Cottage preserve making courses with % – %! Booze-Soaked fruit repertoire use within three months the tray in a clean glass jar.Add more brandy to boil. The blueberries and the rum i keep the branches in solution in the hand is! Well in soapy water before using. a pot and cook lightly until berries have apart. And hit it with Bailey ’ s our Jam: 14 boozy preserve recipes is! That 's actually quite versatile will see just how easy it is to make some delicious... ’ ve round up the sauciest spreads staggering around the Internet smoothies, any. Airtight plastic zip bag or in preserving raspberries in alcohol deep pan and cover with and. Water and dissolve the sugar, stirring to prevent scorching... and the of. Shake gently until sugar dissolves preserve cooking Instructions: place raspberries in bowl! Relatively few of them suggest canning smaller sizes ) with a fortified wine or spirit and blackberry juice firm. Or container heat to simmering point ( 88°C ), over 25.. Jar add the whole vanilla pod and then strain through muslin this preserve would be better with.! ¼ cups water 200 g/ 7 oz/ 2 cups granulated sugar Instructions and cook 5 minutes the compounds. Preserving but sugar, like salt draws moisture from the... 2 when you want to preserve long spoiling...

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