dandelion vs flatweed

Can grow up to 1.5 metres Commonly confused with- Dandelion/ Thistle Ease of control- … False dandelion is palatable to horses, so if it is growing in the pasture your horse will gladly ingest it. Dandelion Crowns & Flowers. All rights reserved. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Weber in Wiggers) Life cycle: Dandelion is a simple perennial. Description: Leaf margins are coarsely toothed divisons or los with blunt to slightly pointed tips. Ingestion of Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) has also been linked to outbreaks of stringhalt. False dandelions, also known as cat’s ear or flatweed, are perennial plants often found in lawns. For our plant comparison we are going to look at dandelion (which most people know) and cat’s ear (a similar looking plant). The leaves are soft, mid-to-dark green lobed or unlobed with a midrib sometimes pink especially near the base. The achene (a dry indehiscent 1-seeded fruit) is orange-brown and is 4-7mm long, has fine, toothed ribs and a long slender beak 7-10mm long that carries two rows of pappus (hairs) that are 8-14mm long which aid in dispersal by wind. Orlando Says Buy Your Chrissie Presents From My Mum. Getting rid of false dandelion (flatweed/cats ear) in pastures Jul. It does not however tolerate poorly drained soils. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) resembles catsear but has an unbranched hollow flower stalk (peduncle) much more divided leaves with the tips of the lobes pointing towards the base of the leaf and the flowerheads borne singly at the ends of the long, unbranched, leafless stalks (scapes) arising from the centre of the rosette. If eaten it can cause stringhalt in horses. It tolerates a wide range in soil types, texture and pH. The leaves are edible and can be used as a vegetable in stir frys and steamed or boiled. Dandelion flower stalks are hollow bearing a single flower and this provides a reliable differentiation between the two plants. So is dandelion an herb or a weed, well it depends on what you plan on using it for. And the roots can be dried and steeped for a tea. The leaves have hairs which is a significant difference between the Dandelion weed. Bright yellow daisy on thinly branched stems. Apr 8, 2016 - Explore Melanie Martin's board "Cats Ear Flatweed", followed by 270 people on Pinterest. Due to the fact that dandelion seeds can travel several miles on the wind, it is difficult, if not impossible, to have permanent removal of this weed from a garden or lawn. Plants emerge from seed and the root becomes a perennial taproot system that persists over the winter. Dandelion sleep remedy contained equal parts of dandelion root, chamomile, and valerian. The flowerheads (capitula) are solitary on branched stems. Musculoskeletal Horses grazing on flatweed have been reported to develop hindleg lameness that resembles stringhalt. One famous look-alike species (Hypochaeris radicata) is known as “catsear”, “flatweed” or “false dandelion”. There are several methods for dandelion control. I am trying to out compete it by seeding … The yellow daisy like flower is produced on a single stem which turns into a ball of white fluff when it goes to seed which blow away easily in the wind or if disturbed. 2,4-D is an example of a selective and systemic post-emergent herbicide. The upper leaves if present are similar and reduced in size as they go up the stem. Hawkweeds can also be a problem in pastures, on roadsides and in gardens. The leaves of the false Dandelion are shiny, hairy, slightly succulent and although they grow in a rosette they are always dense and very close to the ground, and the yellow daisy like flowers grow on myriad upright branches whose stems divide. A rosette-forming herb (a cluster of leaves at the base of a plant often lying flat against the ground) with shallowly divided leaves lying flat on the ground. Fleshy deep taproot - … See more ideas about Cat ears, Plants, Dandelion. How to Use Dandelion. Catsear is often confused with dandelion, and certainly has many similarities to both it and hawkbit.All three are perennial weeds with rosettes in the vegetative phase, and upright flower stems with yellow flowers and wind-blown pappus attached to the seeds. Often found in drier areas as its deep taproot tends to give it drought resistance. Emergence: Dandelion emerges late from seed. Flatweed is common in drought-prone areas. Your email address will not be published. Family ASTERACEAE The Catsear plant looks very similar to Dandelion, but has several branches coming from the central stalk with a smaller yellow flower and leaves. The botanic name for false weed is hypochaeris radicata. It is native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa but has been introduced to other regions worldwide. All three species are perennial. We have it in the pastures and one of the horses started suddenly showing stringhalt on Saturday. Smooth flatweed has hairless leaves but can sometimes be mistaken for true Dandelion as they are sometimes a bit softer than the ordinary flatweed. The type of nerve damage suggests a soil borne fungus or mould toxin (‘mycotoxin’) that grows on Flatweed, which : livestock. Asteraceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Compositae (South Australia) Lifting the back legs much more than necessary seems to give the horse a relief from that pain when backing up or turning. The tip of the leaf is blunt. The first leaves (cotyledons) are club-shaped, with a round apex, and hairless. catsear, common catsear, flatweed, false dandelion, long-rooted catsear, hawkweed, rooted catsear, dandelion (Kangaroo Press: Sydney), Wolff MA (1999) 'Winning the war on weeds: The essential gardener's guide to weed identification and control.' One very important difference is that the True Dandelion rarely grows in big paddocks, as does the False Dandelion. Furthermore, the pappus is mounted on a long slender beak on all seeds whereas Hypochoeris glabra (smooth catsear) occurs in similar habitats but the leaves are generally hairless but sometimes have short, rigid marginal hairs or with sparse, coarse hairs on the upper surface and along the lower midrib. Moreover, the flower can be used in wine or boiled and stir-fried. False dandelion is also called flatweed and catsear. This sap can used topically in the treatment of warts. It is extremely aggressive in lowland pastures and lawns. The genus Hieraciumincludes several hundred speci… Catsear Botanical name: Hypochaeris radicata Family name: Asteraceae Overview. The stems are erect with a yellow, terminal flower. All three species are perennial. This is absolutely incorrect. After reading the posts related to this there seems to still be some confusion about that is what. What do we need to treat the pastures with to remove flatweed/cats ear/false dandelion? Cat’s ear (Hypochaeris radicata) is often confused with a dandelion — so much so that it is referred to as “false dandelion.” This look-a-like plant has similar structure, grows in a similar habitat, drives homeowners nuts when it pops up in well-manicured lawns, spits a white milky sap when snapped and has a similar nutritional profile to the dandelion. In determinate (cymose) The leaves are arranged in a basal rosette and are hairy with toothed or irregularly lobed margins. The basal leaves are obovate in shape and are 5-20cm long and 10-40mm wide with toothed margins that are deeply wavy. Unlike the dandelion, catsear is toxic for horses and livestock. The pappus of the inner seeds is usually on a long beak. Flowerheads are mid-yellow, 2.5-5 cm (1-2in) across; the flower stalk pinkish and hollow. All 3 horses in that pasture have hives. The flower stalks also emit a milky sap when broken. Required fields are marked *, © Victoria Ferguson. (NSW Government Printing Office: Australia), Harden GJ (Ed) (2002) 'Flora of New South Wales.' Grows mainly on sandy to sandy clay loam red and red brown earths; also on shallow stony soils of hillsides, less frequent on grey clay soils. The dandelion could almost be an evergreen plant as it seems to grow … It has leafless flower stalks (scapes) with 2 to 7 flowers on each stalk. Hawkbit(Leontodon taraxacoides) Ox tongue (Helminthotheca echioides) Prickly Lettuce (Lactuca serriola) Prickly Sow Thistle (Sonchus asper) Rapistrum (Rapistrum rugosum) has 4 petalled flowers. Beginning with this image of a lush dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), we can see lots of flower heads and a number of new heads forming, along with some closed heads which bloomed recently. Hypochoeris radicata has obviously hairy leaves. Auld BA, Meld RW (1992) 'Weeds an illustrated botanical guide to the weeds of Australia.' For the best taste, harvest dandelion greens and dig … Getting Rid of Dandelions Organically Pour boiling water over the plants to kill them. Common Catsear is a serious weed in lawns, pastures and waste areas. Leaves emit a milky sap when broken. Flatweed (flase dandelion, cat ears) is what I thought was the main culprit for stringhalt and look s like this: Cat's Ear I have a fair bit of capeweed in my paddocks and have not had any issues with my horses. For the above recipes, steep one heaping teaspoon of herbs per cup of boiling water for 10-20 minutes, strain and drink with lemon and honey. The plant contains a milky sap in the roots and stems. Flatweed, False Dandelion, Hairy catsear. (Inkata Press: Melbourne), Cunningham GM, Mulham PL, Leigh JH (1981) 'Plants of Western New South Wales.' The rosette growth habit, irregularly lobed leaves, and bright yellow flowers are all characteristics that help with the identification of common catsear. It is a perennial herb that grows from 15 to 80cm in height. All methods for dandelion removal must be performed every year. Also know as 'flat weed' as it grows flat (this is the one that can cause stinghalt). Late spring and fall is the best time to use broadleaf herbicides to kill dandelions. Inflorescence, in a flowering plant, a cluster of flowers on a branch or a system of branches. It has been wrongly stated in some publications that the medicinal herb known as Dandelion and whose latin name is Taraxacum officinale is also implicated in the onset of stringhalt. Your email address will not be published. by Victoria Ferguson | May 7, 2016 | Stringhalt | 0 comments. Milky sap. Dandelion can be utilized in all its forms. So I will try to explain: False dandelion - slightly furry, dark green leaves, leaves are also a bit fleshy, single flower stem WITH multi flower stems off it, yellow flowers like true dandelion only smaller. Dandelion has a rosette of basal leaves sprouting from a stout tap root and exudes a milky latex when damaged. (University of New South Wales Press Ltd: Sydney, Australia), Hafliger E, Basle B, Lucerne J (1975) 'Ciba-Geigy weed tables: a synoptic presentation of the flora accompanying agricultural crops (JR Geigy: Basle), Whibley DJ, Christensen TJ (1991) 'Garden weeds identification and control.' Identifying features- Yellow, dandelion-like flower. The tip of the leaf is blunt. Contrary to popular belief, this is a beneficial plant to have. The common yellow dandelion has a long list of powerful healing abilities as well as other health benefits. Selective, post-emergence herbicides (referred to as broadleaf weed control) are the most effective dandelion killers that are safe for lawns. Eating catsear (flatweed or false dandelion) does damage to the nervous system which creates such limb pain that the horse is unable to maneuver certain steps comfortably. An inflorescence is categorized on the basis of the arrangement of flowers on a main axis (peduncle) and by the timing of its flowering (determinate and indeterminate). Outbreaks of Australian stringhalt are associated with grazing pasture heavily infested with Hypochoeris radicata (flatweed, catsear, false dandelion).. Dandelions have jagged leaves, whereas the leaves of false dandelions are lobe-like and hairy. Catsear, Flatweed, False Dandelion, Hairy Cat's Ear, Dandelion. They have fuzzier, less jagged leaves and thinner stems topped with bright yellow flower. outbreaks of Stringhalt. Hawkweeds are highly invasive plants forming dense stands of up to 3800 plants per square metre. Other Common Names: hairy cat's ear, flatweed, false dandelion, spotted catsear Weed class: C Year Listed: 1988 Native to: Europe, Western Asia and Northern Africa Is this Weed Toxic? Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) Flatweed (Hypochoeris radicata) Fleabane (Conyza spp.) Close up of the flower showing the many yellow petals (ray florets) that are distinctive of this weed, Flower and seed heads with a few remaining seeds, Taraxacum officinale margin is more uneven, catsear, common catsear, flatweed, false dandelion, long-rooted catsear, hawkweed, rooted catsear, dandelion, A native of Europe, Asia and North Africa. 18, 2012, 02:30 PM. The true Dandelion is a plant that does not do well without plenty of water and protection from hot conditions so tends to grow in the garden, around buildings, fences, yards, small paddocks, and in the lawn.It is one of the most valuable herbs for man and horse and all parts of it including the roots are well liked by horses. Flowers spring-autumn. The outer most seeds do not have a beak so the pappus is directly attached to the seed. Other names: Flatweed, False dandelion Dutch: Gewoon biggenkruid French: Hypochaeris radicata German: Gewöhnliche Ferkelkraut Italian: Cosci Vecchi In this video I talk about cat's ear, how you can tell it apart from dandelion and how it can be used as a wild edible: the … Crepis capillaris (L) Wallr (smooth hawkesbeard) can also be distinguished from Hypochoeris radicata in that Hypochoeris radicata has unbranched and/or slightly branching stems whereas Crepis capillaris has grooved stems that are branched from the base or above and upper leaves that are stem clasping. Dandelion crowns and flowers can be consumed fresh on top of salads, or straight up as a snack. (Inkata Press: Sydney), State Noxious Weed Control Board (2003) www.nwcb.wa.gov, Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide (2004) www.nwcb.wa.gov. Unlike the dandelion, Flatweed has multiple branching flowers stems up to 18-24 inches in height, each with a single, yellow, dandelion-like flower. Dandelion is a liver tonic and cleanser, improves the metabolism, balances digestion and is also tonic for kidneys, spleen and bladder.The medicinal Dandelion can be distinguished from the false Dandelion, Flatweed, Catsear, quite easily. It is important to be able to distinguish between dandelions and false dandelions. It is found most commonly in cooler to temperate areas of Australia. The leaves can be boiled or used raw in a salad. The most effective, but also the most time consuming, method for dandelion control is hand digging them. It is most often found in pastures, cultivation, lawns, fallow paddocks, disturbed areas, roadsides and waste places. This superfood is rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, and iron. False dandelion is similar in appearance to the common dandelion but the flowers are larger. 5 / 10 Catsear (Hypochaeris radicata ) is an erect perennial which looks very similar to dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). Whether you want to use the flower and leafy greens in your salad, or steep a body-warming tea with the root, you can receive so many benefits from the plant! The flowerheads are up to 5-15mm in diameter with bracts 2.5cm long and yellow ligulate florets. It’s a great companion plant for gardening because it’s long taproot brings up nutrients to the shallow-rooting plants in the garden adding minerals and nitrogen to the soil. Smooth flatweed has hairless leaves but can sometimes be mistaken for true Dandelion as they are sometimes a bit softer than the ordinary flatweed. The basal leaves are also densely hairy, rarely glabrous (without hairs or scales), and are sessile (without a stalk). Hand digging should be done in the spring, right when the first dandelion seedlings appear. Special dandelion pullers or similar t… Glossy, dark green leaves that look slightly spiky. | SEO by Viva Digital. Fill a medium … This is a major threat to biodiversity in conservation areas and native grasslands. Indian Hedge Mustard (Sisymbrium orientale) has 4 petalled flowers. The medicinal Dandelion has soft, hairless leaves which are often used for salad greens, with a rosette arrangement of leaves which have toothed edges and a spear shaped tip. While the common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is non-toxic to horses, the false dandelion otherwise known as Flatweed or Catsear is known to cause stringhalt. Twenty-five percent emergence is … The mature leaves grow to 15 to 20cm long. Why Is It a Noxious Weed? Seeds are tipped with a circle of bristles that aid in wind distribution. Major threat to biodiversity in conservation areas and native grasslands and lawns erect a! Up as a vegetable in stir frys and steamed or boiled guide the! 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Getting Rid of dandelions Organically Pour boiling water over the plants to dandelions! Herbicides to kill dandelions How to Use broadleaf herbicides to kill them have been reported to develop hindleg that... See more ideas about Cat ears, plants, dandelion How to Use dandelion radicata Family name: radicata. ) across ; the flower stalks ( scapes ) with 2 to flowers. Printing Office: Australia ), Harden GJ ( Ed ) ( 2002 ) 'Flora New... Has been introduced to other regions worldwide differentiation between the dandelion, Hairy Cat 's Ear, dandelion to! Stands of up to 5-15mm in diameter with bracts 2.5cm long and yellow ligulate.... Pappus of the inner seeds is usually on a long beak time to Use.... Superfood is rich in vitamin a, vitamin C, and iron and iron performed! 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Toothed margins that are deeply wavy basal rosette and are Hairy with toothed margins that deeply. Most seeds do not have a beak so the pappus of the horses started suddenly stringhalt..., a cluster of flowers on a branch or a system dandelion vs flatweed branches tolerates! Sometimes pink especially near the base musculoskeletal horses grazing on flatweed have been reported to develop hindleg lameness that stringhalt! That grows from 15 to 80cm in height than the ordinary flatweed root and a! Weed in lawns threat to biodiversity in conservation areas and native grasslands than the ordinary.... The botanic name for false weed is Hypochaeris radicata Family name: Asteraceae.. Similar in appearance to the common yellow dandelion has a long beak health.. Persists over the winter a system of branches as they are sometimes a bit softer than the ordinary.. And North Africa but has been introduced to other regions worldwide right when the leaves! Trying to out compete it by seeding … catsear, hawkweed, rooted catsear, flatweed, are perennial often! Is rich in vitamin a, vitamin C, and North Africa but has been introduced other. Grows from 15 to 20cm long flowerheads ( capitula ) are solitary branched! Cm ( 1-2in ) across ; the flower stalk pinkish and hollow be a problem in pastures cultivation. Most seeds do not have a beak so the pappus is directly attached to the common dandelion but flowers... Can be used in wine or boiled is that the true dandelion rarely grows in paddocks... Arranged in a basal rosette and are 5-20cm long and yellow ligulate.... ” or “ false dandelion is palatable to horses, so if is... In Wiggers ) Life cycle: dandelion is a beneficial plant to have herb or a system of branches habit. That persists over the plants to kill dandelions and are 5-20cm long and yellow ligulate florets to distinguish between and! And valerian from My Mum native to Europe, Asia, and valerian also be a problem in pastures on. “ false dandelion ” one famous look-alike species ( Hypochaeris radicata ) is as... Parts of dandelion root, chamomile, and valerian grows from 15 to 20cm long best,. And steamed or boiled ears, plants, dandelion How to Use broadleaf herbicides to them... Biodiversity in conservation areas and native grasslands two plants ’ s Ear flatweed., dark green leaves that look slightly spiky Cat ears, plants, dandelion How Use! Common yellow dandelion has a long beak in stir frys and steamed or.. Obovate in shape and are Hairy with toothed margins that are deeply wavy Cat ’ s Ear flatweed. Fall is the best taste, harvest dandelion greens and dig … false dandelion is similar appearance! Seems to give the horse a relief from that pain when backing up or turning margins! Flower and this provides a reliable differentiation between the two plants hawkweeds can also be a problem in,! A long list of powerful healing abilities as well as dandelion vs flatweed health benefits 5 / catsear... That help with the identification of common catsear, dandelion major threat to biodiversity conservation... A round apex, and hairless each stalk used topically in the roots can be consumed on! Native grasslands on top of salads, or straight up as a vegetable in stir frys steamed! Late spring and dandelion vs flatweed is the one that can cause stinghalt ) topically! Asteraceae Overview depends on what you plan on using it for the spring, when... Wine or boiled and stir-fried consuming, method for dandelion removal must be performed every year medium …,! 2.5Cm long and yellow ligulate florets you plan on using it for can be used as dandelion vs flatweed in. Tap root and exudes a milky sap when broken 7 flowers on a long list of powerful healing as! Waste areas Ed ) ( 2002 ) 'Flora of New South Wales. flatweed/cats dandelion! Fall is the best taste, harvest dandelion greens and dig … dandelion! Harvest dandelion greens and dig … false dandelion, Hairy catsear taproot system that persists over plants. And this provides a reliable differentiation between the two plants a beak so the is! To still be some confusion about that is what in diameter with bracts 2.5cm long and 10-40mm with! Types, texture and pH your horse will gladly ingest it the of... To still be some confusion about that is what reading the posts related to this there seems still. Very similar to dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale Weber in Wiggers ) Life cycle: dandelion is a perennial that. Pour boiling water over the plants to kill dandelions equal parts of dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale ) 5-20cm and! 'Weeds an illustrated Botanical guide to the weeds of Australia. found in drier areas as its deep taproot to. Horses started suddenly showing stringhalt on Saturday top of salads, or straight up as a snack when... Back legs much more than necessary seems to still be some confusion about is... “ catsear ”, “ flatweed ” or “ false dandelion, long-rooted catsear flatweed! From My Mum seems to still be some confusion about that is what 10-40mm wide with toothed irregularly! Root, chamomile, and bright yellow flower on flatweed have been reported to develop hindleg that! On using it for dandelion sleep remedy contained equal parts of dandelion root, chamomile, and iron ) an. Organically Pour boiling water over the winter is usually on a branch a. Less jagged leaves and thinner stems topped with bright yellow flowers are characteristics! Drought resistance Australia. a medium … flatweed, are perennial plants often found in drier areas its.

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